Border Collie


By James Leung

James - Managing Director



Considered by many as the quintessential sheepdog, this breed has a natural instinct for driving stock.  Border Collies keep their sheep in order by staring and stalking, unlike traditional herders such as Welsh Corgis that tend to nip at heels.  Almost all Border Collies are descended from a dog maned Old Hemp, born in Northumbria (northern England) in 1894.  Such was the demand for pups sired by Old Hemp that he ended up with more than 200 offspring.



Officially recognized as a breed by the Kennel Club in 1976, the Border Collie works silently and quickly when herding sheep.  She generally responds immediately to whistle, voice or hand commands from the handler.  Border Collies are primarily used to round up sheep, to shift them from one location to another, and to sometimes isolate individual animals.

Due to its high energy, low boredom threshold, and an independent spirit, behavioural problems may arise if she is not sufficiently physically, mentally and emotionally stimulated every day.   As a pet, many owners find it challenging to keep life interesting for their dogs.  Dog sports such a s agility, hoopers and treibball are fun activities which Border Collies are known to excel at.  Border Collies are known to be affectionate, highly energetic, very playful and intelligent.  They require training from an early age and are recommended for experienced handlers.

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There are two varieties of coat: moderately long and smooth.  It is usually coloured black and white, although  there a number of different combinations.  The ears are set well apart and the ow-set tail usually reaches the hock.  These attributes combined with a distinct stop, feathering on the forelegs and muscular athletic build give the Border Collie it’s distinctive look.

Grooming your Border Collie should be a priority. This keeps him looking good and also allows you a chance to discover any problems early.  A Border Collie should be bathed a maximum of once every couple of weeks.   Washing in general removes the nutrients in the hair and leaves it dry and brittle.  Also regular brushing is recommended, especially for the long haired type, to prevent matting and other problems.  Note a Border Collie sheds a couple times a year.

Height 18 - 22 inches (46 - 56cm); Weight - 27-45 pounds (12-20kg)

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Common health issues include Collie eye anomaly, hip dysplasia and epilepsy.

The average life expectancy is 10-14 years.

At Hong Kong Canine we offer a specialized training programmes for  breed dogs like the Border Collie spaniel that provide the appropriate physical, mental and emotional stimulation. 

We work with all breeds, ages and sizes. 

More information on our services is available here.